What To Expect From Cataract Surgery

One of the most prevalent of eye issues is that of cataracts. This clouding of the eyes natural lens is rated as the most common cause of vision loss in people aged over 40. Not only this, but cataracts are thought to be the principal reason for blindness in the world.

This blog post will examine the symptoms and also what an individual can expect after receiving cataract surgery

Signs and Symptoms
In the beginning a cataract will start out very small and have very little effect on a person’s vision. Over time the symptoms will include a small amount of blurriness, in many ways this is similar to looking through a cloudy piece of glass.

The knock on effects to a cataract is that lights will often appear very bright. Sometimes oncoming headlights when driving are real issues for cataract sufferers. Very often colours don’t seem to be as clear and as vivid as they were once before.

An eye examination is normally the source that confirms whether an individual has developed cataracts.

Surgical Procedures
Cataract surgery has been performed so many times it now falls into the category of routine surgery. Of course for the sufferer it might well come across as anything but routine.

Essentially there are two different procedures that can be undertaken, these will be:

  • Ultrasound
  • Incision

For the ultrasound method, the surgeon will use a probe to literally break up the lens. This allows it to be quickly and easily removed. A small incision is made in the front of the eye. After which an extremely thin probe is inserted. The waves that are transmitted serve to break up the cataract, which is then suctioned out of the eye.

After completion of this stage, the surgeon will then insert the new clear lens into place. This artificial lens is normally made of either silicone or acrylic, once it is in place it cannot be seen or felt.

Nowadays the incision method is less frequently carried out. This method relies on a larger cut to the eye area, through which the bad cataract is removed. Additional surgical tools are required for this procedure, including the use of suction. The back section of the lens is left in place to allow for the new lens to rest against.

Further detailed information on these methods can be found on online.

Both Eyes
For people who have been diagnosed with cataracts in both eyes, the surgery will take place over a period of time. The surgeon will want to make sure that the first eye has healed properly before replacing the cataract on the second eye.

Recovery
Recovery time from cataract surgery will vary slightly with each individual patient. However, in most cases the vision should start to improve after just a few days.

The eye doctor will want to check on the healing process 2 days after the surgery and then again typically the following week and month. This way they will be able to double check that everything is going according to plan.

A small amount of itching is normal after these types of surgery, sometimes even a little discomfort; anything more than this should be reported as soon as possible. Eye-drops or other medication is often prescribed; this will help to fight off any infection that might arise.

It is usual for the discomfort to abate completely after just a couple of days. In the vast majority of cases, complete healing will occur within 2 months of the cataract surgery. After this stage it will be necessary to get a final eye inspection, this will determine the requirement for glasses.

Gem Wilson is an amateur novelist and copywriter. She spends a great deal of time reading and writing about health issues and more specifically for information on cataracts. If you require information on certain health issues, visit DoctorQA.com to learn more.