Some diets help people to lose weight in a healthy way, but extreme or crash diets can cause serious eating disorders and health problems. Extreme diets drastically reduce calorie intake to achieve quick weight loss. This leads to loss of muscle tissue, fat, and water, which has a negative effect on metabolism. Restricting the consumption of certain foods may lead to mineral and vitamin deficiencies because the diet lacks important nutrients. Vitamin deficiencies can cause heart problems, diabetes, and anemia. Other complications include skin problems and brittle bones and nails. Poor nutrition is also associated with a higher risk for cancer, heart disease, and other inflammatory diseases.
Low calorie intake weakens the immune system and leads to emotional problems, low energy levels, dizziness, poor concentration, and confusion. Extreme dieting is associated with depression because the body cannot produce enough serotonin. In addition, rapid weight loss and eating disorders affect fertility and reproductive health. Poor nutrition is especially dangerous for pregnant women because it increases the risk for birth defects, premature birth, and miscarriage. The first semester is especially important. Extreme dieting and poor nutrition affect the heart and increases the risk of heart attack.
There are many fad diets that are unhealthy dangerous for the body. The list includes the Cookie, Hacker’s, Weight Watchers, Watermelon, and Israeli Army Diet. The first two are low calorie diets. Weight Watchers assigns values to different products, with fiber- and protein-rich foods getting fewer points. Different factors are taken into account, including fiber content, sodium, saturated fat, and sugar. The list of recommended foods includes potatoes, oatmeal, cheese, yogurt, chicken, and turkey. One problem with this diet is that many of the products contain preservatives and additives, including flavorings and taste enhancers. Some foods are also high in sugar, maltodextrin, and fructose. Other products contain sucralose, sucrose, and fructose corn syrup.
There are some dangerous diets such as the Apple Cider Vinegar, Cigarette, Tapeworm, and Red Bull Diet. A woman from New Zealand attempted to lose weight by drinking between 10 and 14 Red Bulls a day. Today she suffers from anxiety and cramping attacks and experienced a heart attack. The Grapefruit Diet drastically reduces calorie intake. Dieters should limit the amount of calories to 800 or fewer a day. They are encouraged to eat grapefruit before meals because it contains an enzyme that facilitates weight loss.
Teenagers who try extreme diets are more likely to use medications, drink, smoke cigarettes, and use diet pills. They are also at a higher risk of attempting suicide. Diet pills are associated with many health risks, including cardiac arrest, heart attack, and even death. They are especially dangerous for people with irregular heart beat and hypertension. Some types of pills limit the capacity of the body to absorb important nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. This can lead to mineral and vitamin deficiencies. Other side effects include insomnia, headaches, constipation, and severe mood swings. Dietary pills are dangerous because many of them are not regulated or tested.
Some weight loss pills contain substances, used to treat alcohol addictions, as well as antidepressants. Other brands include a mix of stimulants and antidepressants, the use of which can lead to dizziness, drowsiness, and severe personality changes. Other side effects of using pills include migraine, irregular menstrual cycle, and fluctuating blood pressure. Heart valve damage, numbness of the skin, dry mouth, and high blood pressure are also side effects. In many cases, the substances and herbal ingredients contained in diet pills are not approved for human use.
Maria is a freelance writer and enjoys writing about health and nutrition. Favorite topics are weight loss and low carbing.